Pests are detrimental to a property and the health of a human being. They destroy products and also lead to various diseases. The ecology is also adversely affected due to these pests. There are various ways of controlling pests in the home and also many advantages.
Pest control can be taken to be an analogy of health control. A specialist needs to be involved who analyses the problem and then recommends the corrective measures to be taken against them. Techniques including that of Integrated Pest Management are very effective as these provide insights towards the complete removal and destruction of the pests in the area.
The most common of all the various methods used is that of the usage of the pesticide. A pesticide is toxic only to the pest and has no detrimental effects on the humans living around it. Others involve processes of ensuring that the moisture content remains low and undisturbed by the environment. This involves sealing and isolation of the moisture containing areas. This moisture control includes fixing of any leaking pipes and proper maintenance of the other pipes in the place where possible leakage of water might take place. Removal of water from outdoor containers and the proper maintenance of sewage.
Sanitation is necessary to prevent the formation or the survival of these pests. Thus proper disposal of wastes and the dissociation of these wastes to the free atmosphere is quite necessary to prevent the spreading and thus effective in controlling pests. Sealing food and using the vacuum cleaner also solves many of the problems usually faced concerning spider’s nest and that of Ladybirds.
Integrated pest management is used in agricultural regions. These are areas where the pest usually grows at exponential rates and to stop them at the earliest stage is the best. It follows a three step procedure: the first being Intervention, when the pest control technician disrupts the normal lives of these pests and destroys the source of where the pests are coming from. The second being that of prevention: the use of pesticides and various chemicals to prevent the pests from surviving in the area without adversely affecting human civilization. Observation is then done to ensure that such problems of pests do not come back and to have preventive methods ready when they are likely to do so.
The natural method is that of organic pest control. Here the poison is slowly built over time and this is very effective against these pests. Pesticides destroy those pests who would either affect the crops or destroy those animals that would otherwise help the agriculture. Thus good agricultural practices would include the usage of organic farming where the crops are grown using certain methods which do not allow the easy growth of pest populations.